The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy’s entry “Fallacies” offers a good overview of questions that can be raised about providing lists of named fallacies. It also presents a list of 230 named fallacies with brief descriptions and examples.
Daniel Kahneman’s Thinking Fast and Slow (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011) offers an illuminating discussion of two ways we think: in a faster mode with quick conclusions, and in a slower mode in which we carefully articulate each step along the way. We seem to be better at fast thinking, but fast thinking is unreliable in any complicated situation.
Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber’s The Enigma of Reason (Harvard UP, 2017) argues that the biases humans are prone to in reasoning are corrected when humans argue together in groups, and that reasoning is a social “superpower” rather than one belonging to individuals.